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10 Treatment Options for Mesothelioma – Like all cancers treatment for Mesothelioma is dependent on the place that the tumor is located, its progression of disease the patient’s age as well as the overall physical health and health status of the person.
It is the oncologist with a specialization in the condition who decides on the appropriate course of treatment. The illness is challenging to treat, and in many cases , the outlook is low. Treatment choices include:
1. When the diagnostic is made in the beginning stages of cancer, surgery might be suggested to eliminate the cancerous tissue in all its forms. This could mean thoracoscopy, VATS, or the video-assisted thoracic surgical procedure mediastinoscopy (used to determine the stage) or laproscopy. In most cases, doctors will recommend treatments that are palliative, such as pleurodesis or chest tube drainage as well as thoracoscopy and pleurodesis. the pleurectomy or pleuroperitonial shunt to treat the symptoms of mesothelioma, not the disease itself.
2. Radiation therapy is often prescribed as aggressively for patients with mesothelioma and is usually given in conjunction with surgery, or to manage symptoms, or palliatively. Research into radiation therapy with implant or light therapy using UV is currently in progress because conventional radiation therapy can damage the healthy tissue around it.
3. Chemotherapy is a treatment option, and approximately 12-20% of patients react to the treatment. Anti-cancer drugs kill cancer cells and stop the spread of cancer. In mesothelioma, chemotherapy not considered curative. The goal is to stop spreading the disease, and reduce the size of the tumor prior to surgery, referred to as neoadjuvant therapy. It also helps eliminate any remnants of the cancer in the body following surgery; and also to ease discomfort and pain and discomfort. This is known as chemotherapy that is palliative. Experts suggest prescribing premetrexed with Cisplastin. The drugs have demonstrated positive results and are currently the standard procedure for Mesothelioma that is not treated surgically.
4. Biotherapy using interleukin 2.
5. Immunotherapy in which the body’s immune system is stimulated to fight disease. Biochemical response modifiers, or BRMs are utilized to treat. They enhance the function in the immune system. control metabolic processes that aid in the cancer growth and alter the process of cancer cell division as well as reverse or block processes that result in the development of cancers, and also prevent the spread of cancer.
6. Gene therapy, in which efforts to fix the gene sequence responsible for cancer. There are two types of this that are replacement gene therapy as well as knockout therapy.
7. Use of lovastatin as an anti-cholesterol drug.
8. Photodynamic therapy where a light-sensitive medication is activated by the laser. This procedure is performed in conjunction with the removal of cancerous tissues.
9. The drainage of fluids in the abdominal cavity or chest followed by the injection of medications into the cavity to reduce the accumulation of fluid is recommended in patients suffering from an uncontrolled accumulation of fluid and severe discomfort that results from it.
10. The combination therapy, or Trimodal therapy, which is a form of treatment that is combined with chemotherapy and radiation.
In many cases, complementary therapies are utilized. Considered holistic, the treatment focusses on the emotional, physical, mental as well as spiritual health.
In the event of Mesothelioma which is a cancer that cannot be treated, you could opt to participate in clinical trials of novel treatments currently in development at a number of research laboratories and research centers. The most effective advice regarding the treatment plan is that suggested by an oncologist or physician.